Monday December 11, 2017

NHIAL KOROW: The Babylon Has Fallen, Will She Ever Stands Again: A Case of South Sudan

The Picture point out all the location where more than 20 thousands Nuers Civilians were kill in 3 days by Salva Kiir's Dinka militias. FILE PHOTO

CALGARY – There is no doubt that turmoil has been the only political war-related discourse on numerous occasions ever since 2001 twin towers attack took place. Although 911 was a different set of upheaval cooked by the al-Qaida under the terrorist activities of Ben Laden, and extremists, the Arab Spring had wildly emerged and quickly raced through, starting from Afghanistan, to Iraq, to Libya, to Egypt, to Bahrain, to Yemen, to Syria and finally to South Sudan.

But what made the Arab Spring different from that of South Sudan is that South Sudanese have their own set of political agenda separate from religious fundamentalism/radicalization practiced by the Arab extremists in their quest for a democratic reform. The presumable issue in the case of South Sudan is that the Gulf States lie in the parameter not farthest away from East Africa Regional bloc where South Sudan by policy is not the exception.

The rise and fall of the Babylon, which affected the Gulf Countries, came about as a result of weak governance, incompetence leadership, unpatriotic, and lack of objective for running a state, just to say the least. According to the history, turmoil is kind of a showcase, which involves arm race and political abnormality. Idiosyncratically, countries with high degree of weak institutions rank low in sustaining good governance, and or to save the country from plunging into abyss. They have no political transparency, weaker law and order, and weaker institutions that always act in favour of the visionless leaders with poor leadership quality.

South Sudan as a country under Salva Kiir Mayardit fitted the description. It all started with Salva Kiir siding with the G-10 at first against Dr. Machar & Dr. Lam Akol once known to have been the icons of political shift before 2005. Dr. Machar was the focal figure boldly tainted; painting him on numerous occasions as a bad leader for advocating for self-determination, and democratic transformation where good governance is adopted for a prosperous South Sudan. The 1991 revolt to the socialist group penalized his character that way to the core, and critically thinks of ways to eliminate the two leaders (Riek & Lam) from South Sudan politics. Finally, Dr. Lam Akol was pushed off from the government’s chest, and was made to create his own political party (SPLM-DC). Yet, the mastermind did not stop cooking empty allegations (beating the drum of war) of bloodshed. Such resulted into building a strong fence between Dr. Riek and Salvatore Kiir so that they could not have common political interest for fear of being eliminated as well. Instead of forging a comprehensive mechanism to run the country, they began to corner Salva Kiir leaving him well fed with the lies that Dr. Riek Machar would one day snatch the power away from him if care is not taken.

Now, the bandwagon was full of savage stories, setting aback the cause and political objective once sort to have been the reason for waging the war against the Arab regimes in the North for a period of over fifty years. Mistrust and misinformation-related political mockery against factional leaders under the two mainstream banners (Riek and Salva Kiir) stood tall in the brewing heat. In building political trenches along hate lines, any person heard uttering the country should be erected according to global standard would quickly get sidelined and assumed to have link with Dr. Riek Machar. Systematic targeting, and a mock system of governance that support corruption, nepotism, favouritism, and tribal superiority subordinating the minorities and the one that have no loyalty to the leadership began to grow wider.

In 2011, the international community biped ups the call to prosecute the corrupt officials, and to as well investigate the ones hiding in the closet

Sounding the alarm bell along corruption, International Community’s message triggered another division between Salvatore Kiir Camp and so the ones known to have had political courtship against Dr. Riek became the new enemy. A recall of the embezzled monies by the 75 corruptists was triumphantly blown. That quickly increased the political heat within the Political Buro.

Salva Kiir had begun to think differently, and so the strategy for handling such a situation was to only eliminate his opponents. Now, the defection of the G-10 was centered on a fundamental political switch by speaking loudly about corruption which they had been suspected of to have link with. Popularity in a sense matter most, however, the cronies under the scotched sun, postulated a tactics of to gain the popularity. The one step found to be the best was to join call for reform along with Dr. Riek, increasing the heat between most powerful men. The long years of call for reformation made Dr. Riek gain political momentum and so the Chauvinists were attracted thinking it was an opportunity to navigate through the system and allow them to obtain their most echelon positions in a country, which they did not know they had already have. Now, the name they all adopted was a call for reform using the slogan, President Kiir is lost in the Vacuum, and would like to run for the higher position in the country, which was not bad at all because they were all citizens of the land.

Even though, they had done it democratically, the cooks had manoeuvred the system by manipulating it for their own selfish interest. Dr. Riek, a decent person at heart, accepted the move in line with all his principles while echoing the real political call without any hidden agenda, unlike chauvinists. Unfortunately, the wrangling caused the whole cabinet ministers their job in July 2013, putting the whole country in an irreversible political hardship that would later resulted into a complete bloodbath. Yet, nothing seemed to look so series as things were done non-violently by the group. By then election was approaching; however, a growing malpractice was taking part.

Political discrepancies were increasingly growing in the heart of the socialist trained dictator (Salvatore Kiir) that masked such training for years after losing the real socialist (Dr. Garang) in a democratic skin. Was there anything done by the west to prevent the Babylon from falling? Geopolitical boundaries were preventing foreign intervention, but advice or political nurturance was taking place advising the leaders to take a good care of the things democratically. Instantly, the December 6, 2013, rally ( marked nonviolent call leaders could make. Than for Salvatore Kiir to brace for such a call, irritation and political mediocre completely underscored the next step the leadership could have taken into consideration. Salva Kiir then ran to calling for National Liberation Council meeting that he had been violating ever since he still had good relationship with the leadership. The fall of the Babylon came about on the eve of December 14, 2013, after Salva Kiir ran out of ideas, but to violently silent his opponents.

On December 15, 2013, commander Marial Chinoung received an order from his boss, Salva Kiir, to disarm his Nuer Presidential Guard Unit once known to be within the same unit along with the rest in Tiger Battalion, which was responsible for protecting the President. A refusal to such order ignited the violence and so the war ensued. The night after, the Duotku Beny and the Gelweng, a trained militia group by Salva Kiir outside the skirt of Juba City, resorted to conducting door to door search of the Nuer civilians, killing them because they were Nuer. An unarmed men and women, children and elderly, were targeted, and therefore, the spread of the news to other states (Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Unity), plunged the Country once known to be the breadbasket of East African into ravel. More than 20,000 Nuer civilians were slaughtered within thress days.

In less than a blink of an eye, the blood sucker, Chief Yoweri Museveni, once known for political failure in his own country, quickly rushed to rescue mission that only favour Salva Kiir instead to intervene as a mediator. Where is the Babylon? One can only see the smoke of the guns, and smoke signals where the violent has hardest hit. A score of negotiations and cessation of hostility agreements have been signed but violated on numerous occasions. The mouth piece of the president, Makuey Lueth, has become lauder and lauder nonstop time and again as a crying wolf in a human skin, talking unprofessionally on the media about the agreements/failure of the demands put forth by the worrying parties. This poses the question as to will this country ever stand again? There is exponential need for the following points:

  • Salva Kiir should step down as a country president to give peace a chance, and to allow the victims of those massacre to heal the losses of their innocent brothers/sisters cold-bloodily murdered in Juba
  • Political transformation should strongly be considered to ensure a permanent constitution is written, federalism adopted, and rule of law take effect
  • If not, Salva Kiir must remain in his position as a ceremonial president and delegated power be handed over to the Prime Minister, a position created in favour of the peace and reconciliation as demanded for by the population
  • The code of arm must, and will therefore, be separated from the civilian government
  • Perpetrators be brought to justice or hold accountable for committing a crime

These mechanisms, if given a try, will likely curve the growing failure. The Troika and the UN Security Council need to act now to save South Sudan from turning into Somalization, and to allow a complete end to the problem facing the people of South Sudan. They should immediately bring the two warring parties to term with the agreement, if not impose sanction. An arm embargo, and economic sanction would likely change the violent tendency Salva Kiir has been using as the only mean to quell the growing failure on his part. Only then, will South Sudan stands again!!!!!!!

NOTE: the opinions expressed herein are entirely for the Author of this article. The Upper Nile Times have no responsibility on the contents published here.


Nhial Korow Wicleek

Is a commentator for The Upper Nile Times. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Psychology from Canadian University College in Lacombe, Alberta. He is currently doing graduate work in Professional Community Rehabilitation & Disability Studies at University of Calgary in Calgary, Alberta. You can reach him for any question/comments at


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